Popular Drama Literature Books

 

drama english literature

The bibliographic basis of English Drama is the New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature (Cambridge University Press, –72). Annals of English Drama –, by Alfred Harbage (Routledge, 3rd ed. ), was used to confirm genre classification and dates for all pre plays. Mar 05,  · Muhammad Rafiq is a freelance writer, blogger, and translator with a Master's degree in English literature from the University of Malakand. The origin of the drama is deep-rooted in the religious predispositions of mankind. Same is the case not only with English drama, but with dramas of other Reviews: English literature - English literature - Elizabethan and early Stuart drama: In the Elizabethan and early Stuart period, the theatre was the focal point of the age. Public life was shot through with theatricality—monarchs ruled with ostentatious pageantry, rank and status were defined in a rigid code of dress—while on the stages the tensions and contradictions working to change the nation.


Elements Of Drama | English Literature • English Summary


Muhammad Rafiq is a freelance writer, blogger, and translator with a Master's degree in English literature from the University of Malakand. The origin of the drama is deep-rooted in the religious predispositions of mankind.

Same is the case not only with English drama, but with dramas of other nations as well. The ancient Greek and Roman dramas were mostly concerned with religious ceremonials of people, drama english literature.

It was the religious elements that resulted in the development of drama. As most of the Bible was written into Latin, common people could not understand its meanings. For this purpose, they developed a new method, wherein the stories of the Gospel were explained through the living pictures. The performers acted out the story in a dumb show.

In the next stage, the actors spoke as well as acted their parts. Special plays were written by the clerics, at first in Latin and later in the vernacular French. These early plays were known as Mysteries or Miracles. The very word Mystery shows its ecclesiastical origin, since the word comes from the French Mystere derived from ministere, drama english literature, because the clergy, the ministerium or ministry ecclesiae, themselves took part in these plays.

In England the term Miracle is used indiscriminately for any kind of religion play, but the strictly speaking the term Mystery is applied to the stories taken from the Scriptures narrative, while Miracles are plays dealing with incidents in the lives of Saints and Martyrs. The history of drama is deeply rooted in lay and religious annals of history. It may be well at this point drama english literature sketch the main lines of development, before dealing in greater detail with the early plays that merged gradually into Elizabethan drama, drama english literature.

Pausing them to consider the lines of development shown by the drama from Plantagenet times down to the era of Elizabeth, we find certain distinctive stages, whilst underlying the entire movement is a twofold appeal.

The drama appeals to two instincts deeply rooted: i. The craving for drama english literature ii. The desire for improvement. This twofold appeal accounts for the complex origin of the drama, and enables us to differentiate the lay from the sacred element. Regarding the lay element and the craving for amusement, we note that in the Middle Ages, the juggler, the tumbler and jester ministered to the needs of the time.

They are found in the twelfth century, and Langland tells us how gaily and unblushingly they flourished in the fourteenth century, though the serious-minded, wished to restrain them to a modest hilarity. Much of it was very primitive fooling, but there were dialogues and repartees of which fragments only have survived. The Middle Ages solely needed a Pepys, drama english literature. Of these entertainers, the jester was the best.

What he had been at this zenith we may judge from the picture of Touchstone, of Feste, and the Fool in Lear. The most important entertainments of the Middle Ages, however, were supplied by the Pageants and the May Games, and by the Mysteries and Miracles of the Church. Roughly speaking, we may say that the Juggling and Clowning heralded the coming of Farce and Comedy, the Pageants anticipated the Historical Drama, while in the May Games we have a foretaste of the Masques and Pastoral Plays so popular in Elizabethan times.

Passing from the lay to the sacred element, it is remarkable what use the Church made of the rough humorous already noted in the clowning and debates. The Church made skillful use of these, moulding them to her purpose and, drama english literature, in the parlance of a familiar tag, combining instruction with amusement.

Drama is obviously inherent in the very ritual of the Church, and the Mass itself was factor in dramatic development. The season of the year suggested the subject matter of plays: Christmas, drama english literature, Easter, stories derived from the Bible, called Mysteries, stories from the lives of the Saints, drama english literature, called Miracle Plays. Early in the Middle Ages the clergy celebrated Holy Days.

Drama english literature, Easter, etc, by playing scenes from the Life of Christ. The first positive stage in the development of the drama is marked by drama english literature performance of these stories in the Church. The second stage is reached drama english literature the play drama english literature from the Church into the marketplace.

This was effected when the guilds were entrusted with the performances in the fourteenth century. It was customary for each craft to represent a play according to its particular trade. The work was very seriously taken by the guilds, lack of confidence and competence and unpunctuality being met by heavy fines. Performances were given on car or scaffolds in the open spaces of the town.

There was no attempt at scenery, but attention was giving to stage properties. There was a monstrous head with a movable jaws to represent Hall; and in addition to a rich costume the actor had some symbol to denote his part. The play of Noah shows us the amalgamation of English humour and didactic purpose.

On the whole, Miracle plays proved more popular than Mysteries, probably on account of their fresher subject matter. Each big town possessed its own drama english literature of plays i. The third stage is the rise of Morality Plays. In the Miracle and Mystery plays, serious and comic elements were interwoven.

Now they part; the Morality presenting the serious and the Interlude the higher side of things. The Morality was frankly didactic. The characters typified certain qualities e. The Interlude aimed merely at amusement. The morality, as we have said, is a drama in which the characters are allegorical, symbolical, or abstract. The main purpose of the play is didactic. The allegorical characters to be found in some of the earlier Miracle plays owe their importance to religious sources.

They are not essential to the story. One of the earliest morality plays was The Castle of Perseverancea drama of the old faith. The spiritual progress of mankind from the day of his birth to the Day of Judgment is set forth in this drama.

The Interludes dealing with the Old Faith gave place to others that set forth the teaching of Reformation, e. The Moralities with their allegorical characters led to greater attention being paid to the plot, whilst gradually the abstract personification began to emerge into real people with individual idiosyncrasies.

The Moralities, like the Miracles, drama english literature, were adapted to the audience. The Vice, a character peculiar to the Morality, was allowed drama english literature enter between the scenes and amuse the people with a character.

A number of plays exist in which the transition stages of the Morality can be plainly discerned. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. A very splendid account of drama has been lectured here. It awakens the slept spirit of English Literature in an India-like nation where the professors are there in their marathon sleep due to which English Literature has acquiesced an absurd state at higher education.

I salute the composer of this content. Very interesting drama english literature a welcome development. I am lecturer in one of Universities in Nigeria and I believe it'll really assist me and my student's in broading our knowledge with the current happening in literature. Thank you very much once again.

Im a first year student of english literature Thank you sir,this article has helped me a lot. This article is useful for me very easy to understand so thank you for giving this article ,sir. I am a first year student of English literature and your article has helped me a lot. Thank you so much. This is helpful information. Importantly brief and yet truthful. And yet, I have also been inspired to do an in depth study some time later.

You are welcome. Please, visit my YouTube channel for videos about literature. Here is the link: www. Please, visit my Youtube channel for videos related to English literature. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may drama english literature revenue drama english literature this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

HubPages Inc, a part of Maven Inc. As a user drama english literature the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. Muhammad Rafiq more.

Mysteries and Miracle Plays In the next stage, the actors spoke as well as acted their parts. Secular and Religious Origin of Drama The history of drama drama english literature deeply rooted in lay and religious annals of history. Drama as Entertainment Regarding the lay element and the craving for amusement, we note that in the Middle Ages, the juggler, the tumbler and jester ministered to the needs of the time, drama english literature.

Importance of the Pageants The most important entertainments of the Middle Ages, however, drama english literature, were supplied by the Pageants and the May Games, and by the Mysteries and Miracles of the Church.

Drama Inside the Church Passing from the lay to the sacred element, it is remarkable what use the Church made of the rough humorous already noted in the clowning and debates. From the Church to the Marketplace The second stage is reached when the play emerges from the Church into the marketplace.

Stage Properties Introduced Performances were given on car or scaffolds in the open spaces of the town. Element of Humour The play of Noah shows us the amalgamation of English humour and didactic purpose, drama english literature. Poll: English drama born inside the Church?

See results. The Interludes The Interludes dealing with the Old Faith gave place to others that set forth the teaching of Reformation, e.

 

English literature - Elizabethan and early Stuart drama | mzclplo.tk

 

drama english literature

 

Books shelved as drama-literature: Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twai. Mar 05,  · Muhammad Rafiq is a freelance writer, blogger, and translator with a Master's degree in English literature from the University of Malakand. The origin of the drama is deep-rooted in the religious predispositions of mankind. Same is the case not only with English drama, but with dramas of other Reviews: Home • Literary Devices and Definitions • Elements of Drama | English Literature. Drama is the act of portraying a story in front of an audience. It involves the characters and events of the story being brought to life on a stage by actors and their interactions (verbal and non-verbal) through its mzclplo.tk: Malik.